Women's Health

Resource for women's health information, issues, fitness, and lifestyle.

Multiple Sclerosis: Betaseron and Beyond

Multiple Sclerosis: Betaseron and Beyond Few years ago the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Betaseron (interferon beta-1b) as the first and only agent for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). This approval was a beacon of hope for the more than 300,000 Americans who are afflicted with this central nervous system disease which usually first appears in young adulthood and which disables by causing problems with vision,...

Long-Term Hormone Treatment Significantly Lowers Mortality Risk

Long-Term Hormone Treatment Significantly Lowers Mortality Risk Postmenopausal women who have taken long-term estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) have an overall lower risk of death from all causes than women who have not taken ERT, according to a study in the January 1996 issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology. The primary apparent effect of long-term ERT use was a reduction in coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death...

Measles, Mumps and Rubella Vaccines (MMR)

Adverse Events After MMR Vaccination Adverse events associated with administration of MMR vaccine range from local pain, induration, and edema to rare systemic reactions such as anaphylaxis. Side effects tend to occur among vaccine recipients who are nonimmune and therefore are very rare after revaccination. Expert committees at the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recently reviewed all evidence...

Cervical Cancer Facts from Inside Knowledge

Cervical Cancer Facts from Inside Knowledge There are five main types of cancer that affect a woman’s reproductive organs: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal, and vulvar. As a group, they are referred to as gynecologic (GY-neh-kuh-LAH-jik) cancer. (A sixth type of gynecologic cancer is the very rare fallopian tube cancer.) This fact sheet about cervical cancer is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC)...

Colposcopy

What is a Colposcopy? What are The Benefits of Colposcopy? Colposcopy is a procedure that uses a special microscope (called a colposcope) to look into the vagina and to look very closely at the cervix (the opening to the uterus, or womb). The colposcope magnifies, or enlarges, the image of the outer portion of the cervix. It is somewhat like looking through a pair of binoculars. This allows the...

Few Myths and Misconceptions about High Blood Pressure

Few Myths and Misconceptions about High Blood Pressure Myth: Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is normal. Fact Though more than 50 million Americans have high blood pressure, hypertension is not a "normal" condition. The Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood 1997 guidelines (JNC VI) defines hypertension as blood pressure greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg systolic pressure...

Qus & Ans: Inseminations

Qus and Ans: Inseminations My husband has a low sperm count and low motility.(8.9 Mil after wash for IUI). This has progressively incresed since the first IUI we had done (2.8Mil after wash). He found out after the first IUI that he has low thyroid and he has begun medication, in the mean time, he has been taking Proxeed (male vitamin, supposed to help w/ motility) and we have started to see the increase. We got cocky...

Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida Spina bifida is the most common of a group of birth defects called neural tube defects (NTDs). The neural tube is the embryonic structure that develops into the brain and spinal cord. Often called open spine, spina bifida affects the backbone and, sometimes, the spinal cord. It is among the most common severe birth defects in the United States, affecting 1,500 to 2,000 babies (one in every 2,000...

Qus & Ans: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Qus and Ans: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) I am on a PCOS mailing list. Recently there has been mention that the use of Clomid for seven days (starting cycle day 1 instead of cd 3 or cd 5) instead of five days is better for PCOS women. Is this true? If so could you give me a link to some written information on the subject. Different doctors use Clomid in different ways. In general, prudence dictates that one should use the lowest possible...

Get the Scoop on Your Skin

Get the Scoop on Your Skin The poor misunderstood skin. Many people don't think of it as a living thing. They just think of it as an external "wrapping layer" for the body that keeps the inner organs from falling out. :) Well, in fact, the skin is very much alive and it's also the largest organ of the body...accounting for a full 12% of your weight. The skin performs several essential functions. "...the three that are by...

Fertility: General Questions and Answers

Fertility: General Questions and Answers SEEING A SPECIALIST Q: I am wondering if it is possible to conceive with PCOS, thyroid disease, and Factor 5 blood disorder in a fairly reasonable time. We have been trying for a year and have now been referred to a specialist. I have two other children but have never had to see a specialist. I don't think I can handle the ups and downs of infertility much longer - what can a specialist do...

Stress Basics

What is Stress? Definition: a physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental tension and may be a factor in disease causation. Stress is tension or pressures that are a natural part of living our lives. Changes and events in our lives (getting married, illness, changing jobs) are a major source of stress. Pressures and tension from both good and bad changes can trigger our...

Miscarriage 101

Miscarriage 101 A miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion, is a pregnancy that ends by itself within the first 20 weeks, usually because the pregnancy is not developing normally. A baby is considered stillborn when it dies after the first 20 weeks. Experts estimate that about half of all fertilized eggs die and are miscarried, usually even before the woman knows she is pregnant. Of pregnancies that the mother knows...

Eating Disorders and Infertility

Eating Disorders and Infertility As many of us have found as we battle this foe called "infertility, ú so many factors can play a part in whether or not we will be able to conceive. Unfortunately, here is an additional aspect to consider. Eating disorders affect more than 5 million American women in their teens through child-bearing years. Unfortunately, these millions of women may not even know that their fertility, in addition...

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the term used to describe an infection of any of a woman's pelvic organs, including the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes. The disease has be-come increasingly common in the United States, affecting an estimated one million women each year. If not treated promptly, PID can lead to serious complications, including infertility and, in rare cases, death. PID...

Menstruation and Menopause

Menstruation is the normal periodic loss of blood and uterine lining, by way of the vagina, in a woman who is not pregnant. The flow usually lasts 4 to 5 days and recurs about every 28 days. Menstruation starts with puberty and continues for about 30 years in most women. The first menstrual period is called the menarche and the ending of menstruation is called the menopause. In developed...

Estrogen Category

Estrogen (systemic) - Chlorotrianisene; Conjugated Estrogens; Diethylstibestrol; Esterified Estrogens; Estrone; Estropipate; Ethinyl Estradiol; Quinestrol. Antineoplastic- Chlorotrianisene; Conjugatee Estrogens Tablets USP; Diethylstilbestrol; Esterified Estrogens; Estradiol; Estradiol Valerate; Estrone; Ethinyl Estradiol. Osteoporosis Prophylactic- Conjugated Estrogens Tablets USP;...

HIV and Women

HIV and Women Women in East Asia are contracting HIV at a faster rate than in the rest of the world, and there's a worrying new trend in Thailand: men who have visited prostitutes are increasingly passing on the infection to their wives, the United Nations says. In many parts of the world, but particularly in Asia, more women than men are getting the disease because it has spread beyond the brothels where most...

Kidney

The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. Part of the urinary system, the kidneys filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The medical field that studies the kidneys and diseases affecting the kidney is called nephrology, from the Greek name for the kidney; the adjective meaning "kidney-related" is renal, from the Latin....

Common Minor Problems During Pregnancy

Backache During pregnancy ligaments become softer and stretch to prepare you for labour. This can put a strain on the joints of your lower back and pelvis which can cause backache. As the baby grows, the hollow in your lower back may increase and this may also cause backache. To avoid backache: avoid heavy lifting; bend your knees and keep your back straight when lifting or picking something up...