Symptoms and Diagnosis of Some STDs and Treatment

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis

Nongonococcal urethritis and chlamydial cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or (in men) Ureaplasma urealyticum but occasionally by Trichomonas vaginalis or herpes simplex virus.

These infections are called "nongonococcal" to indicate that they aren't caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium that causes gonorrhea. Chlamydia trachomatis causes about 50 percent of the urethral infections in men not caused by gonorrhea and most of the pus-forming infections of the cervix in women not caused by gonorrhea. Most of the remaining cases of urethritis are caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum, a mycoplasma-like bacterium.

Chlamydiae are small bacteria that can repro-duce only inside cells. Ureaplasmas are very small bacteria that lack a rigid cell wall but that can reproduce outside cells.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Complications and Prognosis

Treatment

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease of the vagina or urethra caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, a single-celled organism with a whiplike tail.

Although Trichomonas vaginalis can infect the genitourinary tract of either men or women, symptoms are more common in women. About 20 percent of women experience trichomoniasis of the vagina during their reproductive years.

In men, the organism infects the urethra, prostate, and bladder, but it only rarely causes symptoms. In some populations, Trichomonas may account for 5 to 10 percent of all cases of nongonococcal urethritis. The organism is more difficult to detect in men than in women.

Symptoms

Diagnosis

Treatment

Genital Candidiasis

Genital candidiasis is a yeast (fungus) infection of the vagina orpenis, commonly referred to as thrush, caused by Candida albicans.

The Candfda yeast normally resides on the skin or in the intestines. From these areas, it can spread to the genitals. Candida isn't usually transmitted sexually.

Candidiasis is a very common cause of vaginitis. Genital candidiasis has become more common mainly because of the increasing use of antibiotics, oral contraceptives, and other drugs that change the environment in the vagina in a way that favors the growth of Candida. Candidiasis is more common in women who are pregnant or menstruating and in diabetics. Less commonly, the use of drugs (such as corticosteroids or cancer chemotherapy) and diseases that suppress the immune system (such as AIDS) can facilitate the infection.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

Treatment

More on STD's can be found on http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment

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Some STDS

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis Nongonococcal urethritis and chlamydial cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases usually caused by

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis

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