It means that the kidneys fail to do its mended work, getting rid of body" waste products maintaining water value, making blood and keeping bones healthy. Also importantly the normal regulation of blood pressure far less and blood pressure goes up (Hypertension) or goes down (Hypertension) occurs.
Kidney failure can be broadly classified and into Acute and chorine Renal failure. By anti Renal failure we wen that kidney failure occurs suddenly and in majority of cases, with supportive care the kidney will recover. In some case the anti process may process to chorine renal failure, where kidney becomes permanently damaged and Suriuh in size. Such cases will eventually require permanent treatment in way of Heuwdialysis, CAPD or kidney transplant.
Amongst the top causes of kidney failure, Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension are the leading causes all over the world. In developing countries kidney failure innovated with diarrhea, infections and child are frequent causes leading to kidney failure. Other causes include medicines especially pain killers, herbal medicines etc.
Diet to Avoid
- Potassium: Restrict intake of high potassium food such as leafy vegetables, fruits and fruit juices. A high blood potassium level may cause the heart to stop beating.
- Phosphate: Beans, peas, mushrooms, nuts, milk, Soya products and legumes contain phosphate and should be avoided. A retention of phosphate in the blood due to the kidney cannot excrete results in the lowering of the blood calcium leading to bone disease.
Besides blood pressure medications, your doctor may prescribe other medications. The common medications are:
- Calcium supplements
- Phosphate binders
This is to bind phosphate in the gut and prevent excessive absorption of phosphate which can cause bone disease. Some of these are Calcium or aluminum containing compounds.
Normal Kidney Functioning
The kidneys are two organs about 12 cm long, situated behind the intestine. The functioning of only one kidney can be sufficient.
Functions of the Kidney
To produce urine which mainly proceeds from the blood filtrations:
- Some waste products which are toxic if present in large amounts, such as urea, cretin are eliminated by the kidney.
- So the kidney maintains a permanent level of certain elements such as sodium (salt) and potassium in the blood.
- The kidney takes an active part in maintenance of blood pressure of a correct level.
- The kidney secretes a substance, "erythropoietin", so that it contributes to the processing of red blood cells by stimulation of the marrow.
- The kidney contributes to the Vitamin D synthesis, which is essential in producing calcium in bones.
A kidney failure involves:
- A bad dieresis (quantity of urine produced).
According to the level of renal failure:
- considerable dieresis, but of bad quality: or practically no dieresis.
Sodium and potassium are no longer excreted in sufficient amounts:
- too much potassium can cause cardiac disorders,
- too much sodium contributes to higher blood pressure.
Toxic wastes remain in the blood (urea, creation, so that they induce:
Failure in the processing of red blood cells due to lack of erythropoietin contributes to anemia, So there is:
Similar of Renal Failure