Pregnancy, Parenting & Baby Care

Information on Pregnancy, Baby Care & Parenting Advice

The Pill : Oral Contraceptive

What are Birth Control Pills? The Pill is the most popular type of birth control. There are many different brands of The Pill and they come in packs of 21 or 28 pills. One pill is taken every day. The first 21 pills have a combination of synthetic estrogen and progesterone hormones. The Pill stops ovulation, preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. The Pill also thickens cervical mucus, making...

Safe Motherhood and Child Development: Men's Role

Safe Motherhood and Child Development: Men's Role Pregnancy-related complications cause one quarter to one half of deaths among women of reproductive age in developing counties. In some countries pregnancy-related complications are the leading cause of death for reproductive age group of women. Many thousands of women in developing countries suffer serious illness and disabilities, including chronic pelvic pain; pelvic inflammatory disease,...

The Menstrual Cycle

The reproductive period in the female lasts about thirty years. During this time, her reproductive organs go through a cycle which is interrupted only by bearing a child. When a baby girl is born, her ovaries contain about 70,000 egg cells. These lie dormant until puberty. Then, driven by the anterior pituitary gland, the egg cells begin to ripen. Egg Cell and Follicle At about monthly intervals...

Testing For Pregnancy

Testing For Pregnancy Any woman who has been trying to conceive for very long soon develops a love-hate relationship with pregnancy tests. Last year, consumers spent $191.0 million on home pregnancy tests (HPTs). This has increased from the previous year's figure of $180.6 million. When a woman becomes pregnant, the pregnancy hormone (human chorionic gonadotrophin, or hCG) is produced. Home pregnancy tests detect the...

Child Health

Malaria Malaria is a serious disease spread through mosquito bites. Each year, there are 300 million to 500 million cases of malaria throughout the throughout the world and about 1 million child deaths. In areas where malaria is common, it can be the leading cause of death and poor growth among young children. Malaria is also particularly dangerous for pregnant women. It causes severe anaemia,...

A Comparative Study on the Outcome of Pregnancy in Adolescent and Adult Women

Background and purpose: This research was designed to determine the correlation between the maternal age and the outcome of pregnancy in patients admitted to Imam khomeini hospital in Sari during the year 1997. Materials and methods: The study was a case control research, done on 60 females of 18 years of age (Experimental group) and 91 females of 21-25 years of age (control group). The criterias...

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss Miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion, occurs in about 15 to 20% of all pregnancies, regardless of how they were conceived. Most early losses are a result of the conceptus being genetically abnormal. As few as one in three human conceptions is genetically normal, but most of the genetically abnormal conceptions are lost before the woman even knows she is pregnant. Even so, some genetically...

Trouble Conceiving?

Trouble Conceiving? It was 7 AM. My husband whisked himself out of bed and hopped into the shower. Trying to make up for lost time, he skipped his usual shave. Meanwhile I laid in bed for the next 20 minutes with my hips hiked up to what felt like the ceiling. Maybe, this time would be the month. We had literally exhausted every suggestion I had heard of from the fertile community. My husband had changed to boxer...

First Trimester Screening for Down Syndrome

Dr Kenneth Kwek, Head and Senior Consultant of Peripartum Unit, shares with Special Delivery a technique that can better assess the risk of Down Syndrome in pregnant women. Whilst the vast majority of babies are normal, all women, whatever their age, have a very small risk of delivering a baby with Down Syndrome. Locally, this occurs in 1 out of every 700 pregnancies (i.e. 1 in 700 risk). The...

Infertility

For many couples, infertility is a crisis, often accompanied by feelings of guilt or inadequacy. But a diagnosis of infertility is not a verdict of sterility. While about 15 percent of all couples are infertile (that is, they are Unable, to conceive after a year of trying), only 1 or 2 per-cent are sterile (meaning that conception is physically ruled out). Of couples who seek help, about half can...

Menopause and HRT Controversy

Most women alive to day in the developed countries will spend more than a third of their lives in their post menopausal years. In case of developing countries the period will be sorter, may be 10 to 15 years. Menopause is often associated with incomfertable symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness and mood swings ...... and possibly a heightened risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. However,...

Health Related Q&A: Sterility

Q.What is Sterilization of a Person? What are The Procedures For Sterilization? A.To render him or her unable to produce a child. Procedures for sterilization in men called VASECTOMY and in WOMEN called LIGATION OF FALLOPIAN TUBE Q.What is Primary STERILITY? A.The question should be:What is Primary Infertility? This means the Man or women has never had a child with the current or previous earlier...

“Endometriosis and Infertility: Can Surgery Help?” Patient Fact Sheet by ASRM

“Endometriosis and Infertility: Can Surgery Help?” Patient Fact Sheet by ASRM This fact sheet was developed in collaboration with The Society of Reproductive Surgeons When you have your period, your body is actually getting rid of the tissue called endometrium that lines your uterus (womb). Normally, this tissue grows only on the inside of the uterus. But it may grow in other places: on the outside of your uterus, ovaries or tubes. It can even grow on your bladder or...

Infertility

Causes There can be many reasons why you don't easily become pregnant. Only a third of those trying fall pregnant each month, although some of these will miscarry before they even know they're pregnant. The most common reasons include hormonal problems and blocked fallopian tubes in women, and a low sperm count in men. What will your GP do? Your doctor will want to know about your development as...

Mercury, one of the Biggest Enemies of Health

Mercury, one of the Biggest Enemies of Health Mercury is a chemical element, often found in the environment, either as part of it, either as a result of the pollution. In water, air and soil, mercury easily takes place in food and in large quantities is highly toxic, causing serious health problems. Thus, mercury can irreversibly impair neurological function, and if you are pregnant, baby is affected nervous system. Also, children who eat...

Timing Births

Why it is Important to Share and Act on information about Timing Births Too many births, births too close together, and births to adolescent girls or women over the age of 35 endanger women's lives and account for approximately one third of all infant deaths. Family planning is one of the most powerful ways of improving the health of women and children. Over 100 million w/omen in developing...

Mothers and Breast fed Babies

Mothers and Breast fed Babies In rural Nepal, an impressive study conducted by researchers from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health on 45,000 married women, showed that retinol palmitate (7,000 mg RE/week) or beta-carotene (42 mg/week) supplementation during childbearing years in the women can lower mortality related to pregnancy (up to 12 weeks post-partum) by an astonishing 44 per cent. This survival...

Reading Your Fertility Signs

Reading Your Fertility Signs Your body is a wonderful creation. If you are just now beginning to plan pregnancy, then you probably do not realize how many steps it takes for your body to conceive a child. If you have been at this a while, then you probably never thought you'd know so much about your body. Fortunately, our bodies exhibit signs which can be monitored to pinpoint our most fertile times. Knowing how to read and...

Nutrition for the Pregnant Woman

At no other time in a woman's life is good nutrition more essential than during pregnancy. While the need for calories increases only about 15 per cent, the requirements for some nutrients more than doubles, and a woman needs 10 plan her diet carefully to meet these requirements. She should work with her doctor or other health professionals providing prenatal care to design an eating programme...

Male Responsibility for Reproductive Health

Male Responsibility for Reproductive Health An article of ICPD Programme of Action says: "It is essential to improve communication between men and women on issues of sexuality and reproductive health, and the understanding of their joint responsibilities, so that men and women are equal partners in public and private life." In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) was held in Cairo. This was the third...