Kids and Teenage Health

Health information for teenagers, ranging from nutrition, safety to other health disorders.

Rich Experiences, Physical Activity Create Healthy Brains

Rich Experiences, Physical Activity Create Healthy Brains Abstract: Research indicates some early life stresses can have a profound impact, resulting in changes in brain function and behavior, and even differences in the ways some genes express their particular genetic code signature. At various times during early development, different neural systems appear to have an increased sensitivity to stress and can influence long-term social behavior in a...

The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity

The Role of Schools in Preventing Childhood Obesity Headlines across the nation proclaim news that educators have seen with their own eyes during the past two decades: children in the United States are getting heavier and heavier. Accompanying stories in this issue of the Standard describe the negative consequences of this trend on the physical health and self-esteem of our nation’s young people, as well as the financial burden that the obesity...

Young Children Develop In an Environment of Relationships

Young Children Develop In an Environment of Relationships NATIONAL SCIENTIFIC COUNCIL ON THE DEVELOPING CHILD is a multidisciplinary collaboration of leading scientists in early childhood and early brain development. Its mission is to bring sound and accurate science to bear on public decision-making affecting the lives of young children. THE ISSUE Healthy development depends on the quality and reliability of a young child’s relationships with the...

Cretinism and Juvenile Hypothyroidism

Essentials of Diagnosis Dwarfism, mental retardation, dry, yellow, cold skin, "pot belly" with umbilical hernia. PBI and T4 low; serum cholesterol elevated. Delayed bone age; "stippling" of epiphyses. General Considerations The causes of cretinism and juvenile hypothyroidism are as follows (after Wilkins): A. Congenital (Cretinism): Thyroid gland absent or rudimentary (embryonic defect; most...

Etiology of Asthma

Etiology of Asthma What Causes Asthma Episodes? The exact etiology or causes of asthma is still unknown. The airways of the asthmatics are found to be inflamed, red and hypersensitive. It is known that some triggers induce an asthma attack if exposed to the inflamed airways. Therefore, the management plan for asthma is directed towards prevention of inflammation of the airway and avoidance of triggers for the...

Definition of Asthma

Definition of Asthma Why do we define asthma? We define asthma to identify the disease correctly and to differentiate it from other diseases. To fulfill this goal, definition of asthma has been changing over last 40 years. The clinician, physiologist, immunologist, pathologist or epidemiologist - all have different perspective of asthma. In the year 1997, the following working definition has been formulated by...

Iron Deficiency’s Long - Term Effects

Iron Deficiency’s Long - Term Effects Abstract: Betsy Lozoff is among the world’s leading experts on iron deficiency and its effects on infant brain development and behavior. Iron deficiency is the most common single nutrient disorder in the world, affecting more than half of the world’s infants and young children. Research by Lozoff and others has shown that there are long-lasting developmental disadvantages among children who...

Diagnosis of Asthma

Diagnosis of Asthma What are the Diagnostic Criteria of Asthma? There are four diagnostic criteria of asthma: 1. Cardinal features of asthma Paroxysmal respiratory distress Recurrent cough Wheeze Chest tightness 2. Recurrent attack due to multiple stimuli 3. Features of Eosinophilic inflammation: Sputum Eosinophilia 4. PFT: obstructive defects, at least partially reversible by drug In case of children...

Investigation of Asthma

Investigation of Asthma Why we investigate asthma patients? For classification and assessment of severity For diagnosis of concomitant illness For exclusion of other causes of cough, wheeze dyspnoea or chest tightness What are the investigations for asthma? We should do four basic investigations of all patients. 1. Blood for TC, DC, ESR, Hb% and :  To exclude Tropical...

Understanding Child Maltreatment

Understanding Child Maltreatment Child maltreatment includes all types of abuse and neglect that occur among children under the age of 18. There are four common types of abuse. Physical abuse occurs when a child’s body is injured as a result of hitting, kicking, shaking, burning or other show of force. Sexual abuse involves engaging a child in sexual acts. It includes fondling, rape, and exposing a child to other sexual...

Occupational Therapy for Children with Autism

Occupational Therapy is a health care profession. Occupational therapy provides treatment by using different types of purposeful activities, therapeutic exercises, special equipment, and skills training and by environmental modification. An Occupational Therapist help individual to reach their maxium level of function and independence that are physically and mentally ill. Occupational therapist...

Undescended Testicles

Undescended Testicles What are undescended testes? It is a disorder of boys in which one or both of the testicles (the male sex glands) have not descended into their normal position in the scrotum. The testes develop inside the abdomen in the foetus and start their descent through the abdominal wall so that it is usually complete by a month before birth. The testes are attached to the body by long cords called...

Tips for Teens: The Truth About Heroin

Tips for Teens: The Truth About Heroin Slang - Smack, Horse, Mud, Brown Sugar, Junk, Black Tar, Big H, Dope, Skag Get the Facts… Heroin affects your brain. Heroin enters the brain quickly. It slows down the way you think, slows down reaction time, and slows down memory. This affects the way you act and make decisions. Heroin affects your body. Heroin poses special problems for those who inject it because of the risks of HIV, hepatitis...

Bad Teachers Put Students At Big Disadvantage, Study Finds

Bad Teachers Put Students At Big Disadvantage If students get a bad teacher in third grade, their test scores will still be suffering two years later, according to a new University of Tennessee study. And students who get three bad teachers in a row are at a huge disadvantage to students who get three average or highly effective teachers. "It basically says that school administrators should pay special attention in assigning students to...

Childhood Obesity in U.S.A.: Facts and Fears

Childhood Obesity in U.S.A.: Facts and Fears Obesity is one of the biggest health challenges facing the United States. The U.S. center for disease control says two-thirds of American adults and 15 percent of children are overweight or obese – a condition putting them as risk of developing heart disease, diabetes and cancer. In some states, the childhood obesity rate is above 30 percent. Recently U.S. first lady Michelle Obama is calling on...

Gonadotropins (Ovarian Hyperstimulation)

Gonadotropins (Ovarian Hyperstimulation) Ovulation induction is a term that refers to the administration of medication to stimulate ovulation. These medications range from clomiphene to gonadotropins to combinations of the two. Gonadotropins are injectable ovulation stimulating hormones that are identical to the hormones secreted by the body. With the administration of these injectable medications, the circulating levels of these...

Tips For Parents When Talking to Their Kids About Sex

Tips For Parents When Talking to Their Kids About Sex Be clear about your own sexual values and attitudes. It will be far more difficult for you to approach the topic of sex with your child if you do not have a clear understanding of your own attitudes toward sex, love and feelings. Ask yourself the following questions: What do you really think about children and teens having sex, and putting themselves at risk for becoming parents or contracting...

Drug Addiction and Its Remedies

In recent years Drug Addiction has significantly increased in Bangladesh. This agent of human devastation has spread its tentacles worldwide and also in our country. Every intelligent and humane person in the world society and international organisations such as the UN and WHO are alarmed by the present rate of addiction. In our country the regular seizures of stocks of heroin and other hard...

Early Influences on Brain Architecture - An Interview with Neuroscientist Eric Knudsen

Early Influences on Brain Architecture Abstract: Early experience has a powerful and lasting influence on how the brain develops. The physical and chemical conditions that encourage the building of a strong, adaptive brain architecture are present early in life. As brains age, a number of changes lock in the ways information is processed, making it more difficult for the brain to change to other ways of dealing with information. photo...

Is Attention Deficit Disorder Affecting Your Child?

Is Attention Deficit Disorder Affecting Your Child? Have you noticed that your child has trouble staying focused on a specific task at hand? Whether he’s working on homework or playing catch, he just doesn’t seem to be able to concentrate on anything for a period of time. If this has this been happening over the course of at least six months, he could have attention deficit disorder (ADD). Once referred to as hyperkinesis or minimal brain...