HIV/AIDS

‘Superbugs’ Resisting AIDS Drugs

‘Superbugs’ Resisting AIDS Drugs As many as one in seven people contracting HIV-AIDS today are being infected with "superbugs" that are resistant to many medications, according to new research. "Some people are going to become infected with a virus that might not be impossible, but will be more difficult to treat," said Frederick Hecht, Research Director at the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of...

The Chasm between HIV and TB

Some Thoughts on World TB Day- March 24 A quiet shift took place a few years ago in the impact of global infectious diseases: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic surpassed that of age-old tuberculosis (TB). In the past five years annual spending on HIV programmes increased 16-fold - from USD 500 million to around USD 8 billion per year. The same period saw a paltry 70% increase in...

Pneumococcal Disease

More children die each year from pneumonia than from any other infectious disease - even more than from malaria or AIDS - according to the World Health Organization. And a majority of these deaths occur in developing countries. A bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae (also known as pneumococcus), is the leading cause of severe pneumonia in children. Currently the WHO estimates that pneumococcal...

The World of The AIDS Generation

Kampala, Uganda. Rebecca has been living with AIDS since 1992. That was the year her husband died after many months of illness. He never told her what was wrong with him. But it was not until 2001 that Rebecca found she had the first symptoms of the disease. Since then, it has been one long uphill struggle to find money to pay for her medicines. Yet another battle she has to wage to buy the...

US Donors Pledge Millions to Fight HIV-AIDS

A coalition of the richest philanthropic foundations in the United States pledged $100-million (U.S.) (in 2003), to cut mother-to-child transmission of HIV-AIDS in eight of the world's hardest-hit countries. The program, dubbed MTCT-Plus, has the backing of some of the world's biggest tycoons, including the Gateses, Packards, Rockefellers and MacArthurs. Half the money will be used to provide...

HIV / AIDS in Asia

The earliest cases of HIV in Asia were reported in 1984 and 1985. The potential for widespread epidemics was not appreciated until the early 1990s, however, with the more extensive spread of HIV in Cambodia, Myanmar, Thailand and in parts of India. Today, these four countries have the highest adult infection levels in the region (see the table below): By contrast, Bangladesh, Laos and the...