Foods Reducing Inflammation

About one in seven persons worldwide suffers from some type of inflammatory diseases. Pelvic inflammatory diseases are confined to women, mostly in the child-bearing range, but also older women who carry incipient infections. A combination factors cause the development of inflammatory diseases.

Women with bone conditions such as osteoarthritis may develop pelvic inflammatory diseases. They may be attacked with arthritic conditions in the pelvic girdle.

Until recently doctors generally dismissed dietary treatments for inflammatory conditions; new research shows, however, that for many patients, diet can make a big difference.

Some studies indicate that beef, other types of red meat, and fatty foods and vegetable oils high in omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids can worsen inflammation in some patients.

Two kinds of oils help fight inflammation: omega-3 fatty acids, found in salmon, sardines, hilsha, pangash and other oily fish; and gamma linolenic acid (GLA) derived from evening primrose, black currant (kalo jam) and hemp (shon)seeds.

Obesity greatly increases the risk and severity of pelvic inflammatory diseases. Even a few kgs of excess weight strain the hips, pelvis and knees, the most vulnerable weight -bearing joints. Losing weight and increasing exercise often improve symptoms.

Helpful Foods

Hilsha, pangash and other oily fish to supply mega-3 oils. Eat three or more times a week.

Fresh green and yellow vegetable to provide beta carotene, vitamin C, and other antioxidants to reduce cell damage. Have at least two servings daily.

Grapefruit (pomelo) and other fresh fruits for citrus flavonoids, substances that are thought to increase the anti-oxidant effects of vitamin C, may have an anti-inflammatory effect. Eat daily

Lentils and other legumes for zinc, a mineral essential for proper immune system function. Other good sources include sea food including prawns, wheat germ and whole-wheat products, and milk. Eat at least one high-zinc food each day.

Ginger to benefit from its anti-inflammatory effects. Eat one or two pieces of raw ginger or use 5gms in cooking every two or three days.

Cut Down On:

Vegetable oils and fatty meat which can add to inflammation


Meal Planning for Patients with Inflammatory Diseases

Meal-Pattern 1 (Acute attacks)

On Waking.

Tea or fruit juice


Fruit juice. Breakfast cereal with milk and sugar. Toast or bread butter with preserves. Tea or coffee.


Tomato juice or other beverage


Egg dish with vegetables or salad. Stewed fruit.


Biscuits or cake. Tea


Cream of vegetable soup. Rice with fish curry. Celery and tomato salad. Fresh fruit


Milk drink and biscuits


A daily total of 2 litres or more should be taken as water or as other fluids such as mineral water, and fruit juices.

Meal-Pattern 2(Chronic Cases)

On Waking.

Tea or fruit juice


Fruit or fruit juice. Cereals with milk and sugar or 'chira' with plain yogurt. Egg, toast or bread and butter, and preserves. Tea or coffee




Fruit, egg, or cheese, or vegetable hors d'oeuvre. 100 gms fish or poultry. Rice. Pudding. Tea or coffee


Biscuit and cake. Tea


Cream of vegetable soup. Egg salad or egg or cheese sandwich, or fish or vegetable dish with chapatties or bread. Stewed or fresh fruits


Milk drink and biscuits

Submitted By
Stethoscope Dietitian

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