Fertility and sexual health

Information about changes in sexual health and fertility.

Qus & Ans: Male Factor

Qus and Ans: Male Factor ABNORMAL SEMEN ANALYSIS I have undergone 3 IUI's and all three showed white blood cells in my husband's semen. What could cause the white blood cells to be present even though there were no bacteria present and he does not have any abnormal symptoms? White blood cells in semen can result from an inflammatory or immune process. If there are no signs of infection, you doctor may want to evaluate...

Diagnosis of Asherman's Syndrome

Diagnosis of  Asherman's Syndrome Asherman's Syndrome is a gynecological disorder causing a decrease in menstrual flow, abdominal pain, cessation of menstruation and infertility. In females with the disorder, such symptoms and findings occur due to inflammation of the lining of the uterus (endometritis) and the development of bands of scar tissue abnormally joining portions of the uterus (intrauterine adhesions and synechiae). Dr...

Conceiving in NATURE'S WAY

Conceiving in NATURE'S WAY Human conception is an elegantly simple and marvelously complex series of events. Before we can begin to discuss the reasons certain couples have difficulty conceiving, it is important to have a full understanding of the way things are supposed to work. A good working knowledge of normal events will make the steps that can be taken to evaluate a couple's fertility make more sense. Understanding "...

Before You Conceive

Before You Conceive So, you are ready to get pregnant. You have your finances and medical insurance in order, your partner is supportive of the decision to have a child, and you feel ready to begin a new journey. Before you begin trying to conceive, there are some things to consider. Healthy moms, healthy babies Adopt a healthy life-style as soon as you begin trying to conceive. That means no smoking or being...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis What is Endometriosis? Endometriosis is a common and chronic gynecological disease that can result in cyclic pelvic pain that occurs in conjunction with a woman's periods. About 10% of women of reproductive age and up to 50% of women with infertility have endometriosis. That amounts to approximately 5.5 million women in the United States and Canada. The condition occurs when endometrial cells...

STDs: AIDS Is Not The Only Threat!

Concerns about AIDS in recent years have overshadowed other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) that also have serious health consequences, including sterility, cancer or death. Some STDs can even make you more prone to the AIDS virus. Learn how to safeguard your health and recognize signs of an STD. Every year, 12 million Americans are infected with a sexually transmitted disease (STD). STD is...

Colposcopy

What is a Colposcopy? What are The Benefits of Colposcopy? Colposcopy is a procedure that uses a special microscope (called a colposcope) to look into the vagina and to look very closely at the cervix (the opening to the uterus, or womb). The colposcope magnifies, or enlarges, the image of the outer portion of the cervix. It is somewhat like looking through a pair of binoculars. This allows the...

Qus & Ans: Inseminations

Qus and Ans: Inseminations My husband has a low sperm count and low motility.(8.9 Mil after wash for IUI). This has progressively incresed since the first IUI we had done (2.8Mil after wash). He found out after the first IUI that he has low thyroid and he has begun medication, in the mean time, he has been taking Proxeed (male vitamin, supposed to help w/ motility) and we have started to see the increase. We got cocky...

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis

Nongonococcal urethritis and chlamydial cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or (in men) Ureaplasma urealyticum but occasionally by Trichomonas vaginalis or herpes simplex virus. These infections are called "nongonococcal" to indicate that they aren't caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium that causes gonorrhea. Chlamydia trachomatis causes...

Qus & Ans: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Qus and Ans: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) I am on a PCOS mailing list. Recently there has been mention that the use of Clomid for seven days (starting cycle day 1 instead of cd 3 or cd 5) instead of five days is better for PCOS women. Is this true? If so could you give me a link to some written information on the subject. Different doctors use Clomid in different ways. In general, prudence dictates that one should use the lowest possible...

Fertility: General Questions and Answers

Fertility: General Questions and Answers SEEING A SPECIALIST Q: I am wondering if it is possible to conceive with PCOS, thyroid disease, and Factor 5 blood disorder in a fairly reasonable time. We have been trying for a year and have now been referred to a specialist. I have two other children but have never had to see a specialist. I don't think I can handle the ups and downs of infertility much longer - what can a specialist do...

Miscarriage 101

Miscarriage 101 A miscarriage, or spontaneous abortion, is a pregnancy that ends by itself within the first 20 weeks, usually because the pregnancy is not developing normally. A baby is considered stillborn when it dies after the first 20 weeks. Experts estimate that about half of all fertilized eggs die and are miscarried, usually even before the woman knows she is pregnant. Of pregnancies that the mother knows...

Eating Disorders and Infertility

Eating Disorders and Infertility As many of us have found as we battle this foe called "infertility, ú so many factors can play a part in whether or not we will be able to conceive. Unfortunately, here is an additional aspect to consider. Eating disorders affect more than 5 million American women in their teens through child-bearing years. Unfortunately, these millions of women may not even know that their fertility, in addition...

Menstruation and Menopause

Menstruation is the normal periodic loss of blood and uterine lining, by way of the vagina, in a woman who is not pregnant. The flow usually lasts 4 to 5 days and recurs about every 28 days. Menstruation starts with puberty and continues for about 30 years in most women. The first menstrual period is called the menarche and the ending of menstruation is called the menopause. In developed...

Monitoring Your Ovulation at Home

Monitoring Your Ovulation at Home I have always heard that there were women out there with regular-as-clockwork cycles, those who could set their calendars by their menstrual cycles. There are also those who can even pinpoint the moment of ovulation by the familiar aches of mittleshmirtz, or ovulation pain. Then there's me. I can go six, nine, and even 12 months without having a menstrual cycle. Because it happens so rarely, it...

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Diagnosis and Treatment

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection which occurs when bacteria enter the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. There are a variety of bacteria which can cause PID, but most infections are caused by the same organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases like Gonorrhea and Chlamydia. In most cases of PID bacteria enter the vagina during sex and ascend into the cervix, uterus,...

Teen Pregnancy: Young Women's Health - Ages 12-24

Teen Pregnancy: Young Women's Health Pregnancy: Help Keep Teenage Pregnancy Rates Down by Making Responsible Choices With over one million American teenage girls becoming pregnant every year, the United States holds the title for having the highest rate of teenage pregnancy in the industrialized world. To gain a clearer picture of this statistic, that breaks down to one out of five sexually active girls becoming pregnant. However,...

As Menopause Aproaches, Needs Change

As Menopause Aproaches, Needs Change Between peak childbearing years and menopause, a woman's fertility gradually declines, reducing her risk of an unplanned pregnancy. Yet, a risk still exists. Not only is contraception important for a sexually active older woman, since pregnancy late in life presents increased risks to her health and that of her fetus. But also careful consideration should be given to providing a contraceptive...

Symtopms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Symtopms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease With Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): severe pain and tenderness in the lower abdomen with vaginal discharge, often accompanied by fever. With Chronic PID: mild, recurrent pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes accompanied by backache or irregular menstrual periods. pain during intercourse. infertility. irregular menstrual periods. heavy, unpleasant-smelling vaginal discharge Call Your...

Qus & Ans: High FSH Levels or Poor Egg Quality

Qus & Ans: High FSH Levels or Poor Egg Quality Hello. I am 31 years old and my husband is 31 as well. Because of his semen analysis (low count, low morphology and low motility), we were advised to go through an IVF cycle with ICSI. Preliminary testing was done on me and nothing was of note except that my FSH on Day 3 was "10." Around the end of November, we had the retrieval. I had responded pretty well to the Lupron, Follistim and Repronex I...