Fertility and sexual health

Information about changes in sexual health and fertility.

Cancer and Fertility Preservation: Patient’s Fact Sheet by ASRM

Cancer and Fertility Preservation In the United States there are approximately 800,000 reproductive-aged men and women who have cancer, many of whom have concerns about their fertility. Life- saving cancer treatments may reduce fertility by destroy- ing eggs and sperm. The likelihood of reproductive dam- age depends on the age and sex of the patient and the type and duration of treatment. The most severe damage comes from...

Hydrosalphinx

Hydrosalphinx Hydrosalpinx is yet another cause of infertility. A hydrosalpinx occurs when a damaged fallopian tube fills with fluid. In a normal functioning fallopian tube, fluid is both secreted and then later reabsorbed. As tubes become damaged they are still able to secrete fluid but can no longer reabsorb it. In general, a hydrosalpinx occurs when the very end of the tube is blocked and then the tube...

Sexual Dysfunction

Sexual Dysfunction Symptoms Sexual dysfunction is broadly defined as the inability to fully enjoy sexual intercourse. For men, you may have a sexual problem if you: ejaculate before you or your partner desires (premature ejaculation). do not ejaculate, or ejaculation is delayed (retarded ejaculation). are unable to have an erection sufficient for pleasurable intercourse; see Impotence. feel pain during intercourse...

Qus & Ans: Secondary Fertility Problems

Qus & Ans: Secondary Fertility Problems I am 33 years old and want to have a second child. My first child is now 10 years old, and I had no problem getting pregnant with him. About two weeks ago I had a laparoscopy with tubal lavuge and laser surgery, and the outcome was this: I have severe endometriosis and blocked tubes. I am also in a lot of pain. My doctors told me the only way I could get pregnant is through in-vitro fertilization...

Miscarriage and The Father’s Feelings

Miscarriage and the Father’s Feelings “I felt very alone and lost with everything: from the whirlwind experiences leading up to and including the day in hospital; to the lack of understanding on both physical and emotional levels as to what my wife was experiencing; as well as coming to terms with my own feelings." Introduction The loss of a baby through miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy can be one of the most devastating things to...

Qus & Ans: Unexplained Infertility

Qus & Ans: Unexplained Infertility I have been trying to conceive for two years now and recently I read an article about dysmenorrhea. I feel that I have some signs of this, like painful periods that bring me to tears. I also read that it can cause infertility. How true is this? Should I discuss this with my doctor before getting fertility tests done? The two common signs/symptoms of endometriosis are menstrual pain and inability...

Immunological Testing and Treatment for Infertility

Immunological Testing and Treatment for Infertility A new ELISA-based hormonal test, measuring the levels of Inhibin B in serum on day 3 of the menstrual cycle. Since only the Follicular Granulosa cells secrete this hormone, its level reflects on the potential of the ovary to grow follicles, which physicians refer to as 'ovarian reserve'. Women with low levels of the hormone were found to have more impaired ovulation in the course of the IVF cycle...

Hostile Cervical Fluid (Mucas)

Hostile Cervical Fluid (Mucas) Part of what makes understanding fertility so difficult is that there are so many aspects that need to be considered, from sperm motility to egg quality and everything in between. Cervical mucus, a jelly-like substance produced by glands in the cervical canal, is a factor in a woman's fertility. Just how important a factor it is remains controversial. Cervical mucus changes in consistency and...

Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma

Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma When you complain of burning on urination, feeling like you have to urinate all the time, getting up in the night to urinate or having urgency to urinate when your bladder is full because it hurts so much, you usually have a urinary tract infection. Sometimes, your doctor will order a culture and if the culture grows no bacteria, that usually means no infection or that you have interstitial...

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Some STDs and Treatment

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis Nongonococcal urethritis and chlamydial cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or (in men) Ureaplasma urealyticum but occasionally by Trichomonas vaginalis or herpes simplex virus. These infections are called "nongonococcal" to indicate that they aren't caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium...

Fertility: General Questions and Answers Part 2

Fertility: General Questions and Answers Part 2 Estrogen Level and Egg Development Q: I am undergoing medicated IUI cycles and have 3 mature eggs ranging from 18-22mm. I've heard that the estrogen level should be around 200 for each mature follicle, but my estrogen level is only 337. Does this mean that some of the eggs are not mature? Thank you. Low estrogen levels could reflect 2 things happening: 1. If the medication you are taking...

Infertility Medication: Brand vs. Generic

Infertility Medication: Brand vs. Generic What do FSH, HCG and HMG stand for? FSH, HCG, and HMG are abbreviations for three different medications used to treat infertility. The following table summarizes generic and brand names that correspond to each abbreviation: Abbreviation Generic Name Brand Name FSH Follicle Stimulating Hormone Gonal-F®, Follistim®, Fertinex® HCG Human...

Symptoms of Syphilis

Image - Symptoms of Syphilis A puslike urethral discharge that may he yellowish, cloudy, green, white, or bloodstained. Frequent need to urinate. Burning sensation while urinating. Severe pelvic and lower abdominal pain. Constant Urge to Move Bowels (Anal Gonorrhea): nausea; vomiting, fever, chills. pain during intercourse. reddened, irritated tip of penis. severe sore throat; pain on swallowing (pharyngeal gonorrhea)....

Actos: New Hope for PCOS Sufferers

Actos: New Hope for PCOS Sufferers Actos, the latest drug in a long line of medications used for treating various blood sugar disorders, may offer hope to infertile women suffering from Type II diabetes or polycystic ovarian syndrome/disorder (PCO)**. In short, the theory behind PCO is that the body does not effectively use the insulin it produces, usually leading to, among many other problems, irregular menstrual cycles and high...

Making Fertility Treatments Affordable

Making Fertility Treatments Affordable Life is not fair. I don't know how many times in the course of a week that I have to say that. It's the only simple explanation I have as to why some folks must endure rigorous testing, invasive procedures, drugs and, sometimes, pure utter emotional hell in their efforts to conceive a child, while others can practically just look at each other and - Poof! - another little bundle of joy is on the...

Hyperprolactinemia (High Prolactin) Causes

Hyperprolactinemia (High Prolactin) Normal ovulation is a complex process that requires many things to happen properly and at the correct time with the proper hormone levels. Often subtle hormonal imbalances or ovulation abnormalities result in decreased fertility. One hormone imbalance that can affect fertility is prolactin levels. Excessive prolactin levels in nonpregnant women is known as hyperprolactinemia. Prolactin is a...

Qus & Ans: Cervical Fluid Conditions & Post-coital Tests

Qus & Ans: Cervical Fluid Conditions & Post-coital Tests Dear Doctor, I am a 26 year old woman, I already have one son whom I conceived naturally without any medication. However, for the past two years I have been trying to get pregnant and have not suceeded. I have been married six years and have never used contraceptives. I have now been on infertlity treatment for the past year. It doesn't seem to be working, I don't know what's going wrong but I am...

Balanced Translocation

Balanced Translocation A balanced translocation is a condition in which the correct number of chromosomes are present, but two pieces of chromosomal material have switched places. The individual who has a balanced translocation usually appears completely normal and healthy, but when a carrier attempts to have children, that is when problems are encountered. Those who have a balanced translocation are plagued by...

Lifestyle Factors That Affect Fertility

Lifestyle Factors That Affect Fertility Dealing with infertility is particularly difficult because couples find that they are no longer in control of their reproductive choices. They can't decide when to have a baby, how many they will have, or how far to space children apart. Success is largely dependent on a wide combination of factors ranging from emotional and financial resources, access to adequate medical care, and sometimes,...

Klinefelter's Syndrome

Klinefelter's Syndrome Klinefelter's syndrome only occurs in males and results from a congenital abnormality of the sex chromosomes, X and Y. Normally a male has only one X and one Y chromosome and a female has two of the X-chromosomes. In Klinefelter's syndrome, two or more X-chromosomes are present in addition to one Y chromosome. The X-chromosomes contain a large amount of genetic material that has many effects...