Drugs and Medicines

Resources featuring information on drugs, diseases condition, Drugs and Medicines, side Effects, drug interaction, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, safety and certain medical and surgical aids and appliances.

Your Hospital Recovery

After surgery, you'll be moved to a recovery area where you can be closely watched. From there, you may go to a special care unit or a regular room. During your recovery, you will be given medications to help relieve pain. Special exercises may help improve your breathing and range of motion while you heal. The hospital stay after minimally invasive heart surgery varies from patient to patient....

Antioxidants - Are they for You?

Antioxidants - Are they for You Unless you've been holed up underground for the last couple of years, you've probably been hearing about antioxidants -- in the newspapers, on TV talk shows, and in bookstores. But I get asked so many question about antioxidants that it's clear there's a lot of confusion in spite of all the headlines. Here are a few of the questions registered dietitians hear every day: "What are antioxidants...

Many Prescription Drugs are Moving to Over-The-Counter

Reaching out to consumers comes naturally to the cheaper and, these says, more cheerful side of the business: over-the-counter (OTC) medicines: For example, Xenical, Roche's anti-obesity drug, was launched with great fanfare in 1998, but sales failed to take off, in part because of the way the drug works: it blocks the absorption of fat in the gut, so greasy foods come out at the other end as...

Interview with Pharmacology Deptt Head

Q: Good morning Professor Mir Misbahuddin. Thank you for inviting Stethoscope to visit your department. Professor : Thank you very much. Media can play a significant role in behaviour change communication in relation to medicine and proper use of them. Q: Professor Misbah, the next issue of Stethoscope deals with reactions to medications. Our readers would like to hear about it from your....

Panic Over Pills : Overreaction?

During the ten-year period between 1994 and 2004, the FDA approved 321 completely new drugs (this doesn't include approvals for changes to existing medicines), bringing the total to more than 10,000 drug products on the market. During that same period, eight drugs were withdrawn for safety reasons, such as the diet drug fenfluramine (fen-phen, associated with heart-valve disease) and the allergy...

Taking Medications

You may be given medications after your surgery. Medications help protect your heart and keep it working right. Take the medications you're given exactly as you're told. Don't take any other medications without your doctor's OK. Medications You May Be Given Medications you may be given after heart surgery include the following: An anticoagulant may be prescribed after valve surgery. This keeps...

Acid Flashbacks

If you have reflux, you know how it feels when food returns to hauntyou. Dr John Brififa suggests several strategies for taming heartburn at night While a good evening meal can send us to bed in a contented state, our last supper may also make its presence felt later in the form of acid indigestion and heartburn. A recent study in the American medical journal Chest has revealed that imbibing...

Monitoring Long-Term Drug Treatment

If you are undergoing long-term drug treatment for a medical problem, yoshould always take the correct amount of medication at the correct times (as recommended by your doctor). Yoalso need to watch for potential side effects that may or may not have serious consequences. Some of the most common long-term medications are for treatment of high blood pressure and early heart disease. Two examples...

Food Vaccines Show Promise Now Forget about Them

The lack of refrigeration remains a vexing problem in vaccinating the world's poor, because drugs often lose their efficacy in the heat. One solution 200 years ago was to propagate the vaccine in orphan children. "It was a really fascinating idea," remarks Charles Arntzen, founder of the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University but not one to be implemented today. Instead Arntzen has hopes...

The Earliest Medicine

The story of medicine opens with a struggle - both for survival and for understanding of a world that seemed, to its first human inhabitants, to operate by the whim of powerful forces. So, for millennia, humanity practised primitive preventive medicine - for this was all it could do - by appeasing the gods through ritual and sacrifice. Gradually, a body of knowledge built up, based on chance...

Avoiding Another Vioxx Guarding Against Unsafe Drugs Means Major Changes

"Too cozy" is how Senator Charles Grassley of Iowa referred to the relationship between the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and pharmaceutical companies in the aftermath of the Vioxx debacle. Although the FDA admits no substantive lapse in vigilance, congressional pressure and consumer outrage are forcing officials to rethink the agency's role and perhaps even the drug approval process itself....

Important Lessons from The

For medicines that were meant to relieve pain, Vioxx and its relatives a new generation of anti-inflammatory drugs called the cox a inhibitors are causing spasms all round. Since Vioxx was withdrawn from sale late last year by Merck, its maker, because of its association with an increased risk of nasty cardiovascular side effects, sharp questions have been asked about how big drug firms...

Anti-allergic Drugs

January 02 2006 Monday Prescribing Notes Antihistamines are indicated (1) to relieve itching, sneezing and rhinorrhoea of allergic rhinitis and hay fever, (2) in acute and chronic urticarias, (3) in acute mild allergic reactions and (4) i.v. as an adjunct to adrenaline in life-threatening anaphylaxis and angioneurotic oedema. They are of no benefit in asthma. The most troublesome side...

Neglected Diseases are Fighting for Attention

Ask a big drug-company boss why he is in the business of making pharmaceuticals, and he will say he wants to "address unmet medical needs". But not all medical needs are equally attractive. Most of the 7,500-Plus medicines currently in development by biotech and pharmaceutical companies are for chronic diseases of the rich world. At the same time, some of humanity's nastiest afflictions get...

More Initiatives Need to Give Vitamin A

Experts in a research report suggested for more intensive initiatives for ensuring sufficient Vitamin A capsule to every newborn babies. John Hopkins University, USA conducted a research in India, Indonesia and Bangladesh titling `effectiveness of Vitamin A on newborns`. The research report was handed over formally to Health Adviser ASM Matiur Rahman at his secretariat office on Tuesday. Rolf...

The Trouble with Cheap Drugs

In the drug industry, they call it "Europe's free ride". Government pricing regimes mean that prescription drugs cost far less in Europe than in America, where a growing proportion of new drugs are developed-presumably because Americans are willing to bear the lion's share of development costs. On the face of it, Europe reaps big rewards. It spends 60 per cent per head less on drugs than America...

Are your vitamins killing you?

Are your vitamins killing you? Science has discovered over the last century that certain levels of vitamins are necessary to maintain good health. In an attempt to combat illness, companies package many of these nutrients in highly concentrated amounts. A person can now easily purchase any kind of vitamins an self-treat with a shotgun-approach aiming for good health. Does this approach really produce greater health? Are we...