Disease and Treatment

Disorders of the Pancreas

Disorders of the Pancreas The pancreas is a leaf-shaped gland about 5 inches long. It's surrounded by the lower edge of the stomach and the wall of the duodenum (the first portion of the small intestine leading out of the stomach). The pancreas has two major functions: to secrete fluid containing digestive enzymes into the duodenum and to secrete the hormones insulin and glucagon, which are needed to metabolise sugar,...

Miscellaneous Infiltrative Lung Diseases

Pulmonary Angiitis & Granulomatosis Wegener's granulomatosis is an idiopathic disease manifested by a combination of glomerulonephritis, necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of the upper and lower respiratory tracts, and varying degrees of small vessel vasculitis. Complaints of chronic sinusitis are a common presentation; pulmonary symptoms occur less often. Arthralgias, fever, skin rash, and...

Thyroid Problems

Through the hormones it produces, the thyroid gland influences almost all of the metabolic processes in your body. Thyroid disorders can range from a small, harmless goiter that needs no treatment to life-threatening cancer. The most common thyroid problems involve irregular production of thyroid hormones. Too much of these vital body chemicals results in a condition known as hyperthyroidism....

Men: Examining Your Testicles May Save Your Life

Men: Examining Your Testicles May Save Your Life A complete testicular self-exam takes just three minutes or less, and it could save your life. You should do it monthly. After a warm bath or shower, hold your scrotum, and gently roll each testicle between your thumb and your first two fingers. Feel for any firm, hard, or fixed lumps, nodules, or irregularities inside the testicle itself. Most abnormalities are found at the front side of the...

New Hope Against Brain Tumors

Three studies in today's New England Journal of Medicine report progress in treating brain tumors. In a study from Germany, researchers report success in treating medulloblastoma, the most common childhood brain tumor, while sparing youngsters from therapies that can harm their intellectual development. Children with this type of tumor often are treated with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation to...

Anxiety Neurosis

All people experience fear and anxiety. Fear is an emotional, physiologic, and behavioral reaction to a recognised external threat. Anxiety is an unpleasant emotional state that has a less clear source. Anxiety is a response to stress, such as the break-up of an important relationship or exposure to a life-threatening disaster. One theory holds that anxiety may also be a reaction to a repressed...

Types of Aneurysms

An aneurysm is a permanent ballooning in the wall of an artery. The pressure of blood passing through can force part of a weakened artery to bulge outward, forming a thin-skinned blister. Although any weak blood vessel can be affected, aneurysms usually form in the abdominal or thoracic portions of the aorta, the main blood vessel that carries blood from the heart, or in arteries nourishing the...

Effectiveness of 64 Slice Computed Tomography in Cardiac Care Validated

September 26-2005 Monday Clinical Studies Demonstrate Effectiveness of Siemens 64-Slice Computed Tomography in Cardiac Care. More Than 350 Somatom Sensation 64 Systems Installed Worldwide Engaging in intensive research during the past twelve months, Siemens' clinical collaborators continue to lead the scientific community in studies focusing on the clinical validation of multi-slice CT...

What is Acute Hepatitis.

Acute Hepatitis. Hepatitis is Inflammation of the Liver from Any Cause. In acute stage - it is the acute inflammatory reaction of the liver. What Are Its Causes. Viral hepatitis (A, B, C, D, E & G) Non viral hepatitis Drug induced hepatitis (Mostly Paracetamol, Anti-tuberculous drugs) Alcoholic Hepatitis - excess alcohol intake. What Are Its Common Symptoms : Loss of appetite nausea, vomiting. Fever- mild...

Kidney Dialysis

Kidney Dialysis When a patient has a mild kidney failure where the serum creatinine is less than 400 umol/L, he does not require renal replacement therapy such as dialysis or renal transplant. This is due to the fact that he still has enough residual renal function to sustain life. However he requires certain medications and dietary restriction to delay damage to the kidney. When his serum creatinine rises to...

Rizatriptan Benzoate

Description Rizatriptan Benzoate is a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT1) receptor agonist. Mechanism of Action Rizatriptan binds with high affinity to human cloned 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors. Activation of these receptors results in cranial vessel constriction, inhibition of neuropeptide release and reduced transmission in trigeminal pain pathways. Pharmacokinetics Rizatriptan is completely...

Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and it contributes to hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis. What Is "Normal" Blood Pressure?...

Dementia & Alzheimers Disease

There are different causes of cognitive dysfunctions, i.e. memory - short & long term, concentration, language, speech, visuo-spatial orientation. Most of them are nearly irreversible condition such as Alzheimers Disease, Multi- Infract Dementia, Lewy Body Disease, Picks Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntingtons Disease etc. Among them Alzheimers Disease is the most common cause of...

Dengue - Horror of the Late Rainy Season

Arrival of the intermittent rainfalls after incessant showers of rain is heralding the departure of the Rainy season. With that the suspeasing and stunning beauty of the nature, river, canals, etc. is also on the wane. But water has begun to stand in different places beginning from derelict ditches, ponds, abandoned water reservoirs, pools, even the decorative flower vases of our homes, to air-...

Parkinson's Disease

Parkinson's disease, which mostly afflicts older people, results from gradual degeneration of nerve cells in the portion of the midbrain that controls body movements. The first signs are likely to be barely noticeable - a feeling of weakness or stiffness in one limb, perhaps, or a fine trembling of one hand when it is at rest (activity causes the tremor to disappear). Eventually, the shaking will...

Poisoning

Poisoning is the harmful effect that occurs when a toxic substance is swallowed, is inhaled, or comes in contact with the skin, eyes, or mucous membrance such as those of the mouth, vagina, or penis. Fewer than 3,000 of the more than 12 million known chemicals cause most accidental and deliberate poison-ings. However, almost any substance ingested in large quantities can be toxic. Common sources...

Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial spasm is a neuromuscular disorder that is characterised by frequent, involuntary contractions of the muscles on one side of the face. It affects muscles activated by the facial nerve. A facial nerve injury or a tumour may cause this condition but a definite cause cannot be identified in most cases. In many hemifacial spasm sufferers, their condition may be caused by the pressure of a...

FAQ on Asthma

Do I have to use my preventer inhaler all the time, even when I am well? This is an important question, and one that is frequently asked. After all it may be hard to accept that you should take treatment all the time if you have no symptoms. Firstly, we need to remember that the aim of modern asthma management is for you to be free from symptoms at all times, and to be able to lead a full life...

Emergency Management of Asthma

What is emergency management of asthma? Emergency management is the management plan for acute exacerbation of asthma. Severe acute asthma should always be dealt on emergency basis. Acute exacerbation of asthma may appear in any class or variant of asthma. What are the protocols of emergency management ? Emergency management consists of the following protocols: Management at Home Management at...

Diarrhoea : An Emerging Post Flood Disaster and a Disease of Hot Humid Climate

When the stool is watery or excessibly loose it is considered to be diarrhoea, whatever the frequency of defecation. Diarrhoea is a self limiting disorder if mild and non-specific. The disease is a post flood disaster, while the flood water is receding or recedes, when it appears in an epidemic form, especially in the valley of big rivers where it is endemic (Disease occurring more or less in...