Disease and Treatment

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises

Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises Bladder control depends on muscles working together when the bladder is filling. The bladder muscle should be relaxed when it is filling. The muscles around the urethra (the tube that urine passes through), called the pelvic floor muscles, should be contracted during filling. Exercises that strengthen the pelvic floor muscles can help hold urine inside the bladder. This prevents leaks by...

Prostate Problems

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland that surrounds the male urethra-the tube that transports urine from the bladder through the penis. Its primary function is to produce an essential portion of the seminal fluid that carries sperm; the prostate also controls the outward flow of urine from the bladder. Because of this dual role, signs of prostate trouble can include both urinary and sexual...

African Trypanosomiasis (Sleeping Sickness)

Essentials of Diagnosis Inconspicuous local inflammatory reaction (trypanosomal chancre). Irregular fever, tachycardia, lymphadenitis, splenomegaly, transient rashes. Prolonged course (Gambian trypanosomia-sis): Personality changes, headache. apathy. somnolence, tremors, speech and gait distur-bances, anorexia, malnutrition. coma. Rapid course (Rhodesian trypanosomiasis): Findings as above, but...

Questions and Answers About Health Insurance : A Brief Guide for Consumers

Questions and Answers About Health Insurance : A Brief Guide for Consumers Note to readers: This guide offers general information only, do not rely solely on this guide in making health insurance decisions. It is mainly focused on the residents of USA, other nations may get an idea of the plans that work in USA Health insurance plans vary widely, both in cost and in benefits. Before enrolling in a health insurance plan, you should consult the plan brochure and read the...

Medications for Erectile Dysfunction

Medications for Erectile Dysfunction Few Drugs Used for Erectile Dysfunction Treatment are Listed Below: Generic Name and Action Brand Name(s) Common Dosages Side Effects Special Considerations Comments Sildenafil -- increases blood flow Viagra® (Pfizer) 800-533-4535 Starting dose is 50 mg orally approx. 1 hour before sexual intercourse. Depending on side effects or response, a physician may decrease dose to 25...

Diseases of the Liver and the Gall-Bladder

Diseases of the Liver and the Gall-Bladder The liver is able to suffer a remarkable degree of damage from injury or disease, to the extent of four-fifths of its bulk, before its function is much impaired, and it possesses a corresponding capacity for recovery unsurpassed by that of any other organ. Projecting forwards from the under surface of the liver is the gall-bladder, which, no less than ten times in every twenty-four hours,...

Pneumonia and Its Management

Pneumonia is defined as infection of the lung parenchyma caused by a wide variety of micro-organisms characterized by clinical and radiographic signs of consolidation of a part or parts of a lung or of both lungs. The term 'Pneumonitis is used when inflammation of the lung has resulted from non-infectious cause such as chemical and radiation injury. Classification of Pneumonia Epidemiological...

Osteoporosis

Essentials of Diagnosis Asymptomatic to severe backache. Spontaneous fractures and collapse of vertebrae without spinal cord compression, often discovered "accidentally" on x-ray; loss of height. Calcium, phosphorus, and alkaline phospha-tase normal. Demineralization of spine and pelvis. General Considerations Osteoporosis is the most commonly seen metabolic bone disease in the USA. It is...

Artificial Disc Replacement- New Hope Chronic Back Pain

The advent of a spinal surgical breakthrough, in the form of artificial disc replacement surgery provides new hope for chronic back pain sufferers in effectively helping to eliminate pain while allowing patients to retain normal body motin and flexibility. In artificial disc replacement, the worn out disc is replaced with an artificial disc made of plastic and metal. The artificial disc mimics...

Evolution of Drug Coated Coronary Stents : A Major Breakthrough in Managing Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Stenosis is a common Cardiac problem leading to heart attack. Instead of Coronary Bypass Surgery, Balloon Angioplasty has become a popular treatment modalities. To keep the artery patent after angioplasty, physicians are increasingly using Mesh like metal devices called "sten". These devices help in keeping the artery open and reducing second time coronary narrowing. Modern...

New Help for Brittle Bone

Fractures of the vertebral body and lower backbone are common especially among the elderly. Post -menopausal women are particularly susceptible - it affects one out of three woman above 60 years old. Although less common among older men, compression fractures remains a major health concern as Singapore's greying population grows. Some other causes of vertebral and lower backbone fractures are...

Ankle Pain

Definition : Ankle pain involves any discomfort in one or both ankles. Alternative Names : Pain - ankle Considerations : Ankle pain is most often due to an ankle sprain. A sprain is an injury to the ligaments that connect bones to one another. In most cases, the ankle is twisted inward (inversion injury), and there are tiny tears in the ligaments that may make the ankle somewhat unstable. This...

Condom Breakage & AIDS - Low Odds, High Risk

Condom Breakage & AIDS - Low Odds, High Risk The incidence of condom breakage during vaginal intercourse has been estimated at around 1 percent, reports an article in the New England Journal of Medicine. Those are low odds of a disaster, especially when you consider the alternative: no condom and unprotected sex. Still, if your partner happens to be infected with AIDS and the condom breaks, you could die. In the overwhelming majority of...

Diseases of the Peritoneum

Diseases of the Peritoneum The peritoneum is an extensive membrane which lines the whole of the inside of the abdomen, enveloping all of the contained organs, and extending downwards in front of them as a double fold, or apron, known as the omentum. The whole peritoneal surface is almost equal in area to the skin surface of the body. Acute Peritonitis Causes Acute peritonitis is due to bacterial infection, usually from the...

Stricture Urethra: Solution to A Chronic Problem

Stricture Urethra means narrowing of urinary pipe or urethra. [Diag. 1 ] There can be many reasons for developing a short or long narrowing in the urethra. These reasons can be : Infections due to various types of bacteria Injury to urethra - from accidents, etc. Narrowing since birth Following operation through urethra or catheterization. Following passage of stones causing internal injury, etc...

You Can Make a Difference: 10 Ways to Help an Alzheimer Family

You Can Make a Difference: 10 Ways to Help an Alzheimer Family "We like to go out, but my husband's too much to handle alone. I could use some help." "Call me, If I can't talk, I'll let you know." "It's difficult when friends stay away." Alzheimer's causes significant changes in family life. Spouses and children - often including school age youngsters - become caregivers. Caregiving can make recreation, chores and even employment difficult or impossible to...

History of Malaria

Malaria is a protozoal disease transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito, caused by minute parasitic protozoa of the genus Plasmodium, which infect human and insect hosts alternatively. It is a very old disease and prehistoric man is thought to have suffered from malaria. If probably originated in Africa and accompanied human migration to the Mediterranean shores, India and South East Asia. In the...

Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar)

Essentials of Diagnosis Irregular fever, insidious and chronic: onset may be acute. Progressive and marked splenomegaly and hepatomegaly. Progressive anemia, leukopenia, and wasting. Progressive darkening of skin, especially on forehead and hands. Leishman-Donovan bodies demonstrable in splenic and sternal puncture smears. Nonspecific complement fixation test positive frequently and early....

Osteomyelitis Treatment

Image What is the most successful medical treatment of Enterococcal Osteomyelitis? Outline of management of enterococcal osteomyelitis is on similar lines as any other osteomyelitis. Ideally, antibiotics are chosen as per culture sensitivity report though initially patient may be put on Second or third generation cephalsporins in combination with aminoglycosides like Gentamycin or Amikacin. Could MRI...

Symptoms

Severe anal itching especially at night, restlessness, and difficlty sleeping may indicate pinworms. Itching on the soles of yor feet sggests hookworms; in some cases this may be accompanied by a rash, coghing bloody sptm, and fever, followed by loss of appetite, diarrhea, palpitations, anemia, and fatige. Nasea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, dizziness, changes in appetite, and fatige indicate a...