Disease and Treatment

Common Accidents and Emergencies

Abdominal Injuries Never give anything to eat or drink to the patient. Cover wound with sterile or freshly laundered material, pad of cotton wool and firm, but not tight, bandage. If wound runs across the stomach, bend patient's knees and support in this position. Raise head and shoulders, and support them. If wound runs downwards, keep legs straight and do not raise head. These two positions...

8F Herpes, Hepatitis and Other Viral Infections

DNA Polymerase Inhibitors Aciclovir, adefovir and valaciclovir exert their antiviral action in two stages, initially they become phosphorylated via viral thyymidine kinase. The nucleotide then acts as an inhibitory substrate for viral DNA polymerase enzymes preventing viral replication and causing viral DNA chain termination without affecting the host's normal cellular processes. Aciclovir is...

Why Indians Sleep Less

It is 6.15 in the morning and Niharika Joshi, a regular walker on Mumbai's Marine Drive, is recounting the previous night's events to her companions. "Our house is like a mela (fair) at night. Everbody is on their own trip and there is no respite from the noise they create. How can I sleep?" she asks, clearly frustrate, Joshi, 53, says that the buzz in her house often keeps her up till 1 a.m. Her...

Permanent Scarring of The Lungs by Silica

Silicosis is permanent scarring of the lungs caused by inhaling silica (quartz) dust. It is the oldest known occupational lung disease and develops in people who have inhaled silica dust for many years. Silica is the main constituent of sand, so exposure is common among metal miners, sandstone and granite cutters, foundry workers, and potters. Usually symptoms appear only after 20 to 30 years of...

Acute Leukaemia

Essentials of Diagnosis Weakness, malaise, anorexia, bone and joint pain. Pallor, fever, petechiae, lymph node swelling, splenomegaly. Leukocytosis; immature, abnormal white cells in peripheral blood and bone marrow. Anaemia, thrombocytopenia. General Considerations Acute leukaemia is a disorder of the blood-forming tissue characterized by proliferation of abnormal white cells. It is generally...

The Truth about Fitness

The Truth about Fitness The spine you have is the only one you ever get! Through the miracle of modern medicine, many organs that fail or wear out can now be replaced. Heart, lungs, liver, kidneys and even artificial lenses for the eyes can make someone feel like new. Unfortunately for the spine, the one you were born with must last you your entire lifetime! The desire for attractive teeth, hair and skin has driven most...

Diseases Resembling Tuberculosis

Many types of mycobacteria exist; many can cause infections that produce symptoms similar to tuberculosis. The most common are a group known as Mycobacterium avrium complex (MAC). Although these mycobacteria are common, they generally cause infection only in people with a weakened immune system or with lungs that have been damaged by prolonged smoking, an old tuberculosis infection, bronchitis,...

Malaria - Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

infection of red blood cells Malaria is an infection of red blood cells with the single-celled parasite Plasmodium, which causes fever, an enlarged spleen and anaemia. It mainly occurs in the tropics and sub-tropics. As told above, malaria is caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Plasmodium, which requires two different hosts during its life cycle : man and mosquito. It is transmitted from man to man by the bite of an...

Singapore Witnesses World's First Transmission of Ophthalmology Surgery in 3d High Definition

In what could be one of medical science's most important innovations, Singapore and Japan joined hands to transmit a cataract surgery in 3D High Definition images over real-time across the two countries. The surgery was carried out in Japan's Asahikawa Medical College on February 16, 2006, while an audience made up of doctors, nurses and members of the media watched the operation eagerly in...

What is a Gastroenterologist?

What is a Gastroenterologist Gastroenterologists are internists who specialize in diseases of the digestive tract. Nowadays, the prerequisite training includes a medical internship and residency in internal medicine. Areas of subspecialization include Advanced endoscopy (ERCP and endoscopic ultrasound) Transplant hepatology Motility Inflammatory bowel disease Esophagology Nutrition and metabolism Any physician completing...

Liver Disease

Liver Disease Fatty liver, alcoholic liver disease; cirrhosis, primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis and alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency are all disorders that appear to result from an injury to the liver. Many factors can injure the liver, but in some of these disorders, the nature of the injury is not known Fatty Liver: Fatty liver is an excessive accumulation of fat (lipid) inside the...

Kidney Disease | Part - 2

Image - The kidneys, two fist-sized organs The kidneys, two fist-sized organs located on either side of the spine just above the waist, perform a life-sustaining role. They cleanse the blood by removing waste and excess fluids, maintain a healthful balance of various body chemicals, and help regulate blood pressure. When the kidneys become diseased or dam-aged, they can suddenly or gradually lose their ability to perform these vital...

Some STDS

Nongonococcal Urethritis and Chlamydial Cervicitis Nongonococcal urethritis and chlamydial cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases usually caused by Chlamydia trachomatis or (in men) Ureaplasma urealyticum but occasionally by Trichomonas va-ginalis or herpes simplex virus. These infections are called "nongonococcal" to indicate that they aren't caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacterium...

Glossary of Terms Used in Health Insurance

Glossary of Terms Used in Health Insurance The following are the terms (short listed) widely used in health insurance plan, agreement and articles related to health insurance. These will help you to understand the exact and accurate meaning and make a decision for your plan. Archer Medical Savings Accounts—Individual accounts that may be set up by self-employed individuals and those who work for small companies. Funds in the accounts are...

Diet for Ulcers and Constipation

Ulcers All sores that erode mucous membranes or the skin and penetrate the underlying muscle are referred to as ulcers. Those that occur in the lower part of the esophagus, the stomach, or the duodenum are known more specifically as "peptic ulcers," because they form in areas exposed to stomach acids and the digestive enzyme, pepsin. When the erosion occurs in the duodenum, the upper part of the...

Pyelitis and Pyelonephritis

Inflammation of the kidney pelvis (pyelitis) is due to infection by bacteria but as the condition is usually short-lived it is often neglected, and is probably the starting point for an extension of the infection into the deeper tissues of the kidney which is known as pyelonephlitis. The condition may arise, via the bloodstream, from existing infection in colitis, cystitis, tuberculosis,...

Diet for Hiatal Hernia

Under normal circumstances, the hiatus is a small opening in the muscular diaphragm at the juncture where the esophagus meets the stomach. A hiatal hernia develops when the opening widens and allows the upper part of the stomach to protrude upward through the hiatus. Some hiatal hernias are present at birth. Most of them, however, develop during life as the opening of the hiatus becomes...

Warts: a Pesky Problem Requiring Persistence

Warts: a Pesky Problem Requiring Persistence Warts are a very common but challenging skin problem. These pesky bumps, known in dermatological circles as "verrucae," have likely been around since the dawn of man, afflicting millions of individuals. They are caused by a virus called the Human Papilloma Virus, or HPV. There are many subtypes of HPV causing a variety of different warts. They are potentially contagious, spreading to other body...

Infectious Diseases: Mycotic

Fungal infections have assumed an increasingly important role as use of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents has increased and the number of immunodeficient patients has risen. Some pathogens (eg, Crypto-coccus, Candida, Fusarium) virtually never cause serious disease in normal hosts. Other endemic fungi (eg, Histoplasma, Coccidioides, Paracoccidioides) commonly cause disease in normal hosts but...

Hydrocortisone Fights Severe Pneumonia

Treatment with infusions of the corticosteroid drug hydrocortisone brings significant improvement to patients with severe pneumonia, according to a study from Italy. It found that a seven-day course of low-dose hydrocortisone infusion sped patients' recovery from community-acquired pneumonia and prevented complications due to sepsis, a potentially fatal blood infection. The findings appear in the...