Disease and Treatment

Floating Kidney (Movable Kidney)

In some people the kidney is more freely movable than normal, usually when there is a general dropping (or visceroptosis) of the abdominal organs due to weakness of the muscular abdominal walls. The condition is more often seen in women who complain of aching in the loins, with nausea, vomiting and constipation. The kidney on the right side is more commonly affected. The kidneys have usually some...

Hiatal Hernia

The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm (a muscle separating the abdomen and chest) that the esophagus passes through to reach the stomach. If the hiatus weakens and stretches, part of the stomach and/or the oesophagus can squeeze into the chest cavity, producing a hiatal hernia. Essentially, there are three types of hiatal her-nias. In a sliding hernia, the lower oesophagus and stomach move...

Disorders of Joints and Connective Tissue

Disorders of Joints and Connective Tissue Disorders that affect joints and their compo-nents-muscles, bones, cartilage, and tendons- -are considered connective tissue diseases because these structures contain large amounts of connective tissue. However, many are also a type of autoimmune disease, involving immune reactions in which something triggers the immune system to react against the body's own tissues and to produce abnormal...

Disorders and Diseases of The Skin Diseases Due To Fungi

Thrush Thrush is a fairly common affection occurring in the mouth in bottle-fed infants. White patches are seen on the tongue and lining membrane of the mouth, and the child will probably have sore buttocks. Scrupulous attention should be paid to cleanliness of bottles and teats, these being boiled after each feed and kept immersed in cold boiled water between feeds. The patches in the mouth...

Infection

Infection The human body is at constant war against disease-causing pathogens, or germs, which can enter the body through inhaled air, ingested food and water, broken skin, insect or animal bites, and sexual contact. Once on or inside the body, pathogens try to survive and reproduce. Most do not succeed. Many succumb to the body's internal heat or chemical environment, or to "friendly" bacteria; others are...

Prevention of Heart Attack

Prevention of Heart Attack Block (atheroma) formation in the coronary arteries is the biggest killer in the world. Coronary artery disease (angina and heart attack) remains the leading cause of death in men over 45 years and in women over 65 years through out the world now. The underlying atherosclerosis (block) develops insiduously, and is generally advanced and difficult to reverse once symptoms occur. Thus, treatments...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a viral organism that can cause upper and lower respiratory tract infections. It commonly causes bronchiolitis (inflammation of the lower airways) and pneumonia in children and infants under the age of 1. For most children and infants, RSV infections can be managed on an outpatient basis. However, about 0.5 to 2% of children and infants who develop RSV may...

Childhood and Adolescent Nutrition

During the first few years of life, it's vital to meet a child's nutritional needs in order to ensure proper growth and also to establish a lifelong habit of healthy eating. Eating a meal should be both a healthy and an enjoyable occasion -a fact that many parents may overlook when planning a meal for their growing children. Instead of a fast meal (especially one short in nutritional value) that...

Dengue Fever

1. Manifestation of Dengue Infection All four dengue virus (Den 1, 2, 3 and 4) infections may be asymptomatic or may lead to undifferentiated fever, dengue fever (DF), or dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) with plasma leakage that may lead to hypovolemic shock, dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Manifestation of dengue virus infections: 2. Recognition of Dengue Fever/Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DF/DHF)...

Diseases Due To Fungi

Diseases Due To Fungi Thrush Thrush is a fairly common affection occurring in the mouth in bottle-fed infants. White patches are seen on the tongue and lining membrane of the mouth, and the child will probably have sore buttocks. Scrupulous attention should be paid to cleanliness of bottles and teats, these being boiled after each feed and kept immersed in cold boiled water between feeds. The patches in the mouth...

Prevention & Control of Tuberculosis

National TB Control Programme 1. National TB Control Programme: The NTP is an approach within the national health system to control TB. 2.The Aims of the NTP: The Aims of the National Tuberculosis Control Programme are; (i) to decrease the spread of TB infection in the community, thereby expediting the elimination of TB from society, (ii) to cure the individual patients effectively, restore their...

Drug Addiction and Its Remedies

In recent years Drug Addiction has significantly increased in Bangladesh. This agent of human devastation has spread its tentacles worldwide and also in our country. Every intelligent and humane person in the world society and international organisations such as the UN and WHO are alarmed by the present rate of addiction. In our country the regular seizures of stocks of heroin and other hard...

Kidney

The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. Part of the urinary system, the kidneys filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. The medical field that studies the kidneys and diseases affecting the kidney is called nephrology, from the Greek name for the kidney; the adjective meaning "kidney-related" is renal, from the Latin....

Are There Any New Advances in the Treatment of Skin Cancer? Can Melanoma Spread to the Bones and Muscles?

New advances in the treatment of skin cancer include the use of photodynamic therapy in the treatment of various skin cancers such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma. For melanoma, physicians can now perform sentinel node examination and biopsy to determine the extent of spread before there are any visible signs and symptoms. Can Arsenicosis Lesions Lead to Skin Cancer? Chronic...

Questions and Answers: Bacterial Pneumonia

1. What is bacterial pneumonia? Bacterial (bak-TEE-ree-al) pneumonia (noo-MOH-nyah) is when an infection (in-FECK-shun) causes swelling and fluid in the lungs. The fluid in the lungs may make it hard for you to breathe. People with bacterial pneumonia can have symptoms that range from mild to very severe (bad). 2. What causes bacterial pneumonia? Many different kinds of bacteria (germs) can cause...

KKH Now Offers Tummy Tucks, Facelifts

KK Women's and Children's Hospital is now offering tummy tucks, facelifts and cellulite reduction, as part of a move to offer services for women in areas other than obstetrics and gynaecology. Its new 500sqm Aesthetic, Reconstructive and Breast Centre started operations last Friday. Demand for aesthetic treatment has grown significantly over the past few years, and more and more doctors, both...

Tuberculosis in Alternative Medicine

Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs. In 15% of patients it affects other areas, causing swollen lymph nodes, pleurisy (inflammation of the membranes around the lungs), and meningitis (inflammation of the inner membranes of the brain and spinal cord). It may also affect the kidneys, urinary tract, genitals, thyroid, bones, and joints. TB in the lungs or throat is...

Prostate Woe Breakthrough

The News is good for New York men suffering from an enlarged prostate: Laser surgery hailed as the most significant breakthrough in 50 years as well as a new drug therapy are now available here. The condition, known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, is so common that at least half of men older than 50 are affected and half of those have urinary symptoms. "This includes frequency, urgency, slow...

Dermatitis

Dermatitis simply means skin inflammation, but it embraces a range of ailments. In most cases the early stages are characterized by dry, red, itchy skin, although acute attacks may result in crusty scales or blisters that ooze fluid. Since many agents can irritate the skin, a doctor will try to narrow the diagnosis to a specific category of dermatitis, even though treatment is similar for most...

Bronchodilators and Anti-Intlammatories

Symptom Relief Bronchodilators b2-Agonists: Relax airway smooth muscle through stimulation of b2-adrenoceptors which activate adenylate cyclase leading to an increase in intracellular cAMP and a decrease in intracellular calcium concentration. There are two classes of b2-agonists: (1) Short-Acting : fenoterol, salbutamol, terbutaline have a rapid onset of action and relieve symptoms for 3 to 6...