Disease and Treatment
What are the Diagnostic Criteria of Asthma?
There are four diagnostic criteria of asthma:
1. Cardinal features of asthma
Paroxysmal respiratory distress
2. Recurrent attack due to multiple stimuli
3. Features of Eosinophilic inflammation: Sputum Eosinophilia
4. PFT: obstructive defects, at least partially reversible by drug
In case of children...
Both bronchiectasis and atelectasis result from damage to a portion of the respiratory tract. In bronchiectasis, the bronchi (the airways that branch off the trachea) are damaged. In atelectasis, part of a lung contracts because of a loss of air.
Bronchiectasis is an irreversible widening (dilation) of portions of the bronchi resulting from dam-age to the bronchial wall....
What do FSH, HCG and HMG stand for?
FSH, HCG, and HMG are abbreviations for three different medications used to treat infertility. The following table summarizes generic and brand names that correspond to each abbreviation:
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Gonal-F®, Follistim®, Fertinex®
Following are the links to state medicaid program websites, you may check eligibility and apply online
A 40-year-old male comes to the emergency room after having suffered a generalized seizure and complaining of a several month history of increasing weakness in his left arm. Both a CT scan and an MRI study reveal a tumor growing into the right front portion of the man’s brain. A 45-year-old female visits the emergency room with almost the exact same history as the gentleman described previously....
The gallbladder is a small, pear shaped organ situated beneath the liver. The gallbladder stores bile, a greenish yellow digestive fluid produced by the liver. until it is needed by the digestive system. Bile consists of bile salts electrolytes, bilirubin, cholesterol, and other fats (lipids). Bile makes the cholesterol, fats and vitamins in fatty foods more soluble, so they can be better...
You should not be shocked, once you hear your physician cracking news about collection of pus in and around the lung inside your chest. In our country health care delivery system is in such a poor state that thousands of poor and middle class people are walking around while having pus in the chest. Neither our ignorant countrymen are aware of this condition nor medical fraternity does seem to be...
Trichomoniasis-a parasitic infection spread primarily through sexual intercourse-is not serious, but it is contagious. In 70 percent of cases, it produces no symptoms, which makes it notoriously difficult to diagnose. In women who do have symptoms, discomfort may persist for a week to several months and may be more pronounced right after menstruation or during pregnancy. Left untreated, the...
Banana (Musa sapientum L.) one of the major tropical fruits, is commercially important in world trade. Banana is the cheapest as well as one of the most nutritious fruits. The banana bas become a very popular fruit in modern westernized diets for its flavour, texture and for its convenience value being easy to peel off and eat. Banana can make an useful contribution to the Vitamin A, C and B6...
We all know by dint of modern and sohpisticated technology the developed countries of the world have achieved tremendous success in the field of medical treatment. With the help of such a modern technology now-a-days 80-90% of the piles patients are treated with the help of a modern instrument requiring no surgical intervention and getting no pain.
The instrument is first discovered by Dr....
Patients often ask me, "What is Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine and how does it differ from chiropractic treatment and massage? What conditions can it be used to treat?"
I tell them that Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine is a type of "hands-on" medical treatment based on an in-depth understanding of the musculoskeletal, circulatory, lymphatic and nervous systems of the body used by D.O.s (...
Why we investigate asthma patients?
For classification and assessment of severity
For diagnosis of concomitant illness
For exclusion of other causes of cough, wheeze dyspnoea or chest tightness
What are the investigations for asthma?
We should do four basic investigations of all patients.
1. Blood for TC, DC, ESR,
Hb% and :
To exclude Tropical...
The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where stool leaves the body; the rectum is the section of the digestive tract above the anus where stool is held before it passes out of the body through the anus.
An anal fissure is a tear or ulcer in the lining of the anus.
An injury from a hard or large stool movement may cause anal fissures. Fissures cause the anal sphincter (muscle)...
Malaria is a preventable infection that has the capability of affecting anybody at any age. The infected female anopheles mosquito transmits malaria, when it settles on a person to take a blood meal.
Malaria can be contracted when visiting a malaria-risk area or through "airport malaria" - which is not very common. Airport malaria is contracted through the coincidental introduction of the...
Proctitis is an inflammation of the lining of the rectum (rectal mucosa).
In ulcerative proctitis, a common form of proctitis, ulcers appear in the inflamed rectal lining. The condition may affect 1 to 4 inches of the lower rectum. Some cases readily respond to treatment; others persist or recur and require prolonged treatment. Some cases eventually evolve into ulcerative colitis....
The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract where waste material (stool, faeces) leaves the body. The rectum is the section of the digestive tract above the anus where stool is held before it passes out of the body through the anus.
The rectal lining consists of glistening, orange-tan tissue containing mucus glands-much like the rest of the intestinal lining. The anus is formed...
Essentials of Diagnosis
Muscular weakness, listlessness.
Aching and "bowing" of bones.
Serum calcium low to normal; serum phos-phate low; alkaline phosphatase elevated.
"Pseudofractures" and "washed out" bone on x-ray.
Osteomalacia is the adult form of rickets. It is a condition resulting from a calcium and phosphorus deficiency in the bone. It may be caused by...
Amber colored urine carries the body's waste products and water through the urinary system to outside the body. As blood passes through the kidneys, water, urea, salts and minerals are removed and become urine. The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, one bladder and one urethra. More urine is excreted when liquids and foods that contain more water such as meats and fruits are...
Urinetherapy is a technique which consists in the ingestion of Urine or its application on the skin through compresses, rubbing or immersion baths. Even though a large number of westerners, who are used to modern medicine might resist this thesis, it is important to note that it is a very ancient practice with proven efficiency as documented in many civilizations through time. It was used in...
Finding of segments in clothing or bedding.
Most infections asymptomatic; occasionally diarrhea or vague abdominal pains.
Characteristic eggs or segments in the stool. Rarely (in cysticercosis), seizures, mental deterioration, signs and symptoms of internal hydrocephalus.
A number of species of adult tapeworms have been recorded as human parasites, but only 6 infect man...